Text below from Climate Action Against Disinformation (CAAD)
The latest UNEP Emissions Gap Report states that we are on track for 2.8°C of global warming. This is well above the 1.5°C goal of the Paris Agreement, while 2°C is a “death sentence” for vulnerable communities, as Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley stated at COP26 last year.
While emissions continue to rise, humanity faces climate catastrophe, yet vested economic and political interests continue to organise and finance climate misinformation and disinformation to hold back action. Last month, UN Secretary General António Guterres stated very clearly: “Our world cannot afford any more greenwashing, fake movers or late movers… we must close the emissions gap before climate catastrophe closes in on us all.”
We cannot beat climate change without tackling climate misinformation and disinformation. The recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on impacts and mitigation provided a stark warning for urgent action. According to the report, “the propagation of scientifically misleading information by organized counter-movements has fuelled polarisation, with negative implications for climate policy”. The report later goes on to say that misinformation has “fuelled polarization and partisan divides on climate change in many countries… which can further deter the development of new and ambitious climate policy.”
Recent examples show the scale of the problem. Misinformation and disinformation publishing is now an estimated $2.6 billion business that uses tech platforms to seed falsehoods on everything from the recent referendum in Chile and the expansion of clean energy technologies in the US to the causes of the increased inflation and cost of living in the UK. There is a significant risk the upcoming COP27 could be seriously undermined or even that violence could be inspired against it.
The individuals, companies, agencies, and civil society signatories to this letter demand swift and robust global action from COP decision-makers and tech platforms to mitigate these threats.
In November 2021, more than 400 organizations and individuals addressed an open letter to the COP26 Presidency, the UNFCCC, and the CEOs of tech platforms asking for global action to tackle the threat of climate misinformation and disinformation.
We have seen some progress. In October 2021, Google announced it would “prohibit ads for, and monetization of, content that contradicts well-established scientific consensus around the existence and causes of climate change.” Then, in April 2022, Pinterest announced a robust policy to reduce climate change disinformation in content and ads, and Twitter announced a new policy to demonetise climate denial in its advertising.
This year, the European Union also became the first-ever policymaking body to officially acknowledge the urgency of defining and tackling climate misinformation and disinformation. Lawmakers at the EU Parliament overwhelmingly backed a report on foreign interference in all democratic processes that advised MEPs to “address climate mis- and disinformation,” to implement a “global code of conduct” and welcomed “the efforts at COP26 to adopt a universal definition of climate mis- and disinformation and to outline actions to address the matter”.
While this has shown that it is possible to take action, it is not a long-term sustainable approach. COP27, the key climate diplomacy moment of the year, is still threatened by misinformation and disinformation, as we have seen in similar instances before with deadly consequences. We need a universal definition to allow for international cooperation in tackling it. Without a clear definition and a recognition of the multi-billion dollar industry that supports it, how can we confront it?
To the COP27 Presidency, Country Delegations and UNFCCC:
The COP27 Presidency has stated that addressing the climate crisis requires bold and rapid collective action. We advocate for the development of a clear plan for action against climate misinformation and disinformation based on the following definition:
Climate disinformation and misinformation refers to deceptive or misleading content that:
- Undermines the existence or impacts of climate change, the unequivocal human influence on climate change, and the need for corresponding urgent action according to the IPCC scientific consensus and in line with the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement;
- Misrepresents scientific data, including by omission or cherry-picking, in order to erode trust in climate science, climate-focused institutions, experts, and solutions; or
- Falsely publicises efforts as supportive of climate goals that in fact contribute to climate warming or contravene the scientific consensus on mitigation or adaptation.
- Acknowledge the extent of climate mis/disinformation in the global information ecosystem and formally recognise the universal definition of climate mis/disinformation.
- Undertake activities to prevent climate mis/disinformation being targeted at actors within the UNFCCC and beyond.
To the CEOs of Meta, Google, Twitter, TikTok, and Reddit:
We advocate for the implementation of climate misinformation and disinformation policies and enforcement that extend to content, algorithms and advertising, similar to the robust COVID-19 policies that have been published, and that you:
- Accept the universal definition of climate mis/disinformation.
- Produce and publicise a transparent company plan to eliminate the spread of climate misinformation and disinformation on your platform that considers:
- Community standards that do not permit the monetisation of deceptive statements on climate science or policy.
- A transparent fact-checking process that includes how climate misinformation and disinformation is categorised and handled by independent fact-checkers and how it is protected from politicisation by company staff.
- Adding an interstitial to disrupt potential climate misinformation and disinformation, and ensure human checking on all posts flagged in this way.
- Advertise your zero-tolerance approach directly to users.
- Do not publish adverts if they contain climate misinformation or disinformation based on the definition.
- Share your internal research on how climate misinformation and disinformation spread on your platform with researchers and journalists so we can work together to tackle this global, multi-faceted issue.
COP27 is the perfect moment for decision-makers to acknowledge the climate misinformation and disinformation threat and to use global cooperation to fight against it.
Sign this letter HERE.